CORRUGATED CARTON IN WORLD HISTORY
The first corrugated material is produced in England for use on the insides of hats. The patent was obtained in England in 1856. However, its use as we understand it now takes place in New York by Albert Jones. For the first time, Jones develops cylindrical corrugated cardboard for the protection of lamp glasses.
The first machine, on the other hand, was designed by G. Smyth in 1874 to produce high-volume corrugated cardboard, and was produced by Oliver Long in the same year in line with the invention developed by Jones. The corrugated cardboard production technique known today is also based on this machine.
Born in Scotland in 1890, Robert Gair invented the first corrugated cardboard box. Gair, who made a wind-up box by cutting the corrugated cardboard plates in half, started fabrication production one day when he received an order to protect the typewriters that were damaged in transportation. In the 20th century, the use of corrugated cardboard as a substitute for wooden packaging has become quite common.
Corrugated cardboard boxes were first used for packaging materials such as glass, porcelain, and bowls that could easily break during transportation, and then started to be used as fruit crates in order to ensure that fruits reach the consumer without damage.
CORRUGATED CARTON IN TURKEY
Turkey Cellulose and Paper Factories Inc. (SEKA) became the founder of the Turkish Corrugated Cardboard Industry by opening the first Corrugated Cardboard Factory in its Izmit facilities in 1954. The private sector started to be interested in corrugated cardboard investment and production after 1960. The fastest development period of the Turkish Corrugated Cardboard Industry was 1975-1995. Starting in 1981, large enterprises focused on high-capacity investments based on advanced technology, and some of them took their second and third corrugated lines into operation. SEKA, the only state institution in the Turkish Corrugated Cardboard Industry, sold its Corrugated and Box factory in 1993 and withdrew from this field.
CORRUGATED CARTON TODAY
Corrugated cardboard, which can be designed as desired and steered many sectors for 132 years, does not pollute the environment thanks to its 100% recycling rate and the material from which it is made, carries, stores and stores by protecting the structure of the product it carries, does not harm human health thanks to the standard of production conditions, cleaning and returning. It has no load, saves labor and time in filling, unloading and storage, can be processed due to the development of printing technologies, can also act as a salesperson thanks to graphics and texts, has low stock costs and storage costs, does not impose additional transportation costs on the product because it is light, and can also be used in consumer packaging. It is used because it is a packaging material that is an industrial product. Features like this make it the most preferred packaging material, there is no other packaging material with the features it has.
Our country ranks sixth in corrugated cardboard production in Europe after Germany, France, Italy, England and Spain. The Corrugated Cardboard Manufacturers Association (OMÜD) was of the opinion that we could rank fifth in the corrugated cardboard industry in Europe in 2021. The sector, which closed 2020 with a growth of 12 percent, achieved a growth of 15 percent in the first six months of 2021, based on the latest data.
“The growth trend continues unabated”
Based on the statement made by OMÜD President Sükan, who took over from Mehmet Nuri Görenoğlu in 2020, it is predicted that the share of growth in the sector will increase.